Appendix C

 

Environmental and Social Issues Questionnaire

Listed below are some environmental concerns.  Please mark the circle that most closely corresponds to the way you feel about these issues.  For example:  if you believe that business and government should place priority on an issue, place a mark in the “Absolutely Critical” box.  If you are not familiar with this issue, then mark the “Not familiar” box.

 

Environmental & Social

Concerns

Not at all Important

Slightly Important

Moderately Importanty

Very Important

Absolutely Critical

Not Familiar with this Issue

1.  Asbestos in buildings

1

2

3

4

5

0

2.  Nuclear waste

1

2

3

4

5

0

3.  Outdoor air pollution

1

2

3

4

5

0

4.  Burning waste       (incineration)

1

2

3

4

5

0

5.  Nuclear power reactors

1

2

3

4

5

0

6.  Cloning

1

2

3

4

5

0

7.  Chemical pollution in the environment

1

2

3

4

5

0

8.  Ozone depletion

1

2

3

4

5

0

9.  Indoor air pollution

1

2

3

4

5

0

10.  Pesticides in food

1

2

3

4

5

0

11.  Dioxins

1

2

3

4

5

0

12.  Tap water pollution

1

2

3

4

5

0

13.  Food additives

1

2

3

4

5

0

14.  Cancer

1

2

3

4

5

0

15.  Loss of rainforests

1

2

3

4

5

0

16.  Lead in paint/water pipes

1

2

3

4

5

0

17.  Food irradiation

1

2

3

4

5

0

18.  Chemical pollutants in the atmosphere

1

2

3

4

5

0

19.  Burning fossil fuels

1

2

3

4

5

0

20.  High-voltage power lines

1

2

3

4

5

0

21.  Bacteria in food

1

2

3

4

5

0

22.  Climate change

1

2

3

4

5

0

23. Genetic engineering of bacteria

1

2

3

4

5

0

24.  Loss of species

1

2

3

4

5

0

25.  Solid waste build-up

1

2

3

4

5

0

26.  Loss of wetlands

1

2

3

4

5

0

27.  Depletion of fish stocks

1

2

3

4

5

0

28.  Population increase

1

2

3

4

5

0

29.  Toxic waste spills

1

2

3

4

5

0

30.  Acid rain

1

2

3

4

5

0

 

Section B

This next section contains statements about dealing with some of the environmental and social issues.  Please indicate how you agree or disagree with each statement.

 

Environmental Statement Strongly Agree

Agree

Neither Agree nor Disagree

Disagree

Strongly Disagree

Not Familiar with this Issue

1.  Most manufacturing companies have programs to eliminate toxic wastes.

1

2

3

4

5

0

2.  To cut down on air pollution, it should be more expensive to own and drive a private automobile.

1

2

3

4

5

0

3.  The Commission of the European Community is doing a good job with its environmental protection efforts.

1

2

3

4

5

0

4.  The government of the United States is doing a good job with its environmental protection efforts.

1

2

3

4

5

0

5.  No country or society should be allowed to kill whales or dolphins.

1

2

3

4

5

0

6.  Fish-farming is eliminating over-fishing in the world’s oceans.

1

2

3

4

5

0

7.  No country should be able to tell another than they should stop cutting down their trees.

1

2

3

4

5

0

8.  The United Nations is effective in stopping air and water pollution.

1

2

3

4

5

0

9.  Corporations have a stronger responsibility to make a profit than they do to adopt environmental ethics program.

1

2

3

4

5

0

10.  Poor people in developing countries have a right to burn their forests in order to grow food.

1

2

3

4

5

0

11.  Business corporations are guilty of negligence on environmental matters.

1

2

3

4

5

0

12.  Ethics should not be an issue in genetic engineering. 

1

2

3

4

5

0

 

13.  Local government is doing a good job cutting down pollution.

1

2

3

4

5

0

14.  Water pollution here is no longer the big problem it used to be.

1

2

3

4

5

0

15.  Everyone should be able to have as many children as they want to.

1

2

3

4

5

0

16.  Nuclear power generation is the best way to stop polluting the air by burning coal or oil to generate electricity.

1

2

3

4

5

0

17.  I would be willing to pay more for food and housing if I knew it would improve the environment.

1

2

3

4

5

0

18.  Global warming is not the problem politicians are making it out to be.

1

2

3

4

5

0

 

Scoring:

1-80                 Not very concerned with the environment and resource use

81-160             Moderately concerned with the environment and resource use

161-240           Extremely concerned with the environment and resource use

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Questions for Encounters with the Archdruid (1971) John McPhee  

 

Part 1: A Mountain

1. Who is the “Archdruid”?  Why is he referred to as the “Archdruid”?

2. What is Brower’s position? What is Park’s position?

3. Who is Harrison Brown and what does he have to do with this story?

4. When does an area cease to be “wilderness” and should people protect it or make it accessible for all to see?

5. What do think of Brower’s opinion that the view of Glacier Peak should be “earned” by walking?

6. Can you put a dollar amount on unspoiled natural beauty?  How and how much?

7. What do Brower and Park think the mountains are good for?

8. Research David Brower, Charles Park and Glacier Peak.  Is the book true to the real story?

9. What is your position/opinion on the issue? Are you willing to penalize yourself now, so that future generations can see unspoiled nature?

 

Part 2: An Island

Who is the antagonist in this chapter?

Describe the parallels drawn between religion and the environmental movement.  Why did McFee do this?

Explain the statement that “Conservationists have to win again and again and again – The enemy only once”

Do you consider Frazer an environmentalist? A conservationist? A preservationist? Consider his “vision” for the land.

Do you feel the Island should have been developed? Preserved?

Fraser attempted to make Stewart Udall criticize “camping” by establishing a public campground on lands he was able to purchase. What do you think of Fraser’s tactics?

Research Charles Fraser and Cumberland & Hilton Head Islands.  Is the book true to what happened?

 

Part 3: A River

“I don’t care how many dams are built in the Grand Canyon, provided they build a separate and equal Grand Canyon

somewhere else first. And this is what I would say about the cost of Glen Canyon Dam – You will know the true cost of the

Glen Canyon and the dam when you have built a separate and equal Glen Canyon somewhere else, just like what was

lost.”                – David Brower, From “Hidden Passage,” the Journal of the Glen Canyon Institute, Vol 5.

 

1. Who is the antagonist in this chapter? Who is he, what did he do & why do he and Brower disagree?

2.  Why do you think Brower and others feel the “integrity of the National Park System” would be violated by construction of a dam in one of the units?

3. Do you think Dominy considers himself a conservationist? Do you think he is?  What does he think of Brower and those like him?

4. Do you agree with Dominy’s contension that people who don’t support a dam that allows easier access to a previously inaccessible area as “elitist and exclusionary”?  How does this coincide with Glacier Peak?

5.  How do you feel about the politics that come into play when there is controversy over a natural resource and the needs of human beings.  Does the system work or make things harder?

6. What does Brower think should be done with Glen Canyon Dam?

7. What is “Dominy Soup”?

8. Research Floyd Dominy and Glen Canyon, Echo Park & the Central Arizona Project Grand Canyon dams at Marble Canyon & Bridge Canyon.  How does the story hold true?

 

General questions:

 

1. Why do you think McPhee wrote this book?  Is it a good example of the struggle in Pinchot’s time?  In our time? Why or why not?

 

2. Briefly describe Brower.  What is his philosophy regarding the environment and human use of natural resources?  What would you call him?  A preservationist, a conservationist, a capitalist? Neither?  Why or why not? Why are so many of the antagonists in the story surprised when they meet him?


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