PDE Academic Standards

The standards listed below are not an exhausted list of all that is contained in this unit, nor does the fact that they are listed guarantee they will always apply.  Standards addressed depend on how the lessons are adapted and the contextual information addressed in class. 

Environment and Ecology


4.1 Watersheds and Wetlands
4.1.7.A: Describe the relationships between biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem; Compare and contrast different biomes and their characteristics; Describe symbiotic/prey relationships.

4.1.7.E: Identify factors that contribute to change in natural and human-made systems.

Explain the processes of primary and secondary succession in a given ecosystem

4.1.10.A: Examine the effects of limiting factors on population dynamics; Analyze possible causes of population fluctuations; Explain the concept of carrying capacity in an ecosystem; Describe how organisms become classified as threatened or endangered; Describe how limiting factors cause organisms to become extinct.

4.1.10.B: Explain the consequences of interruption natural cycles

4.1.10.E: Explain how humans influence the pattern of natural changes in ecosystems over time.

4.1.12.B: Research solutions to problems caused by interrupting natural cycles

4.1.12.E: Research solutions addressing human impacts on ecosystems over time. Analyze how technologies such as modern mining, harvesting, and transportation equipment affect the use of our natural resources.

4.2 Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources

4.2.7.A: Explain how water enters, moves through, and leaves a watershed.

Explain the concept of stream order.

Describe factors that affect the flow and water quality within a watershed.

4.2.8.A: Describe factors that affect the quality of ground and surface waters.

4.2.10.A: Examine the interactions between abiotic and biotic factors within a watershed.

Describe how topography influences the flows of water in a watershed.

Describe how vegetation affects runoff.

Investigate and analyze the effects of land use on the quality of water in a watershed.

4.2.12.A: Examine environmental laws related to land use management and its impact on the water quality and flow within a watershed.

4.3 Environmental Health

4.3.7.A: Explain how products are derived from natural resources.

4.3.10.A:Evalaute the factors affecting the use of natural resources; Evaluate the effect of consumer demands on the use of natural resources; Analyze how technologies such as modern mining, harvesting, and transportation equipment affect the use of our natural resources.

4.3.10.B: Analyze how humans manage and distribute natural resources; Describe the use of a natural resource with an emphasis on the environmental consequences of extracting, processing, transporting, using, and disposing of it; Analyze the impact of technology on the management, distribution, and disposal of natural resource

4.3.12.A: Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using renewable and nonrenewable resources.

Explain how consumption rate affects the sustainability of resources use.

Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of using renewable resources such as solar power, wind power, and biofuels.

4.5 Integrated Pest Management

4.5.6.A: Examine how historical events have shaped the sustainable use of natural resources; Describe how the development of civilization affects the use of natural resources; Analyze the impact of technology on the management, distribution, and disposal of natural resources.

4.5.7.B: Describe the impact of pests in different geographic locations and techniques used to manage those pests.

Identify introduced species that are classified as pests in their new environments.

Research integrated pest management.

4.5.7.D: Explain how biological diversity relates to the viability of ecosystems.

Compare and contrast monoculture with diverse ecosystems

Explain how biological diversity relates to the ability of an ecosystem to adapt to change

4.5.10.B: Describe the impact of integrated pest management practices on the environment.

4.5.12.B: Evaluate pest management using methods such as cost/benefit analysis, cumulative effects analysis, environmental impact analysis, and risk analysis.

4.8 Humans and the Environment

4.8.7-12  A Describe/Analyze/Explain how the development/needs/technology relates to the environment and sustainability of natural resources

4.8.7-12 B Explain/Analyze how people use natural resources and the relationship between the use of natural resources /technology and sustaining our society/resource sustainability

4.8.7-12 C Explain/Analyze how human activities/pollution affect regional and national environments/changes in ecosystems and pollution

4.8.5-10 Explain the importance of maintaining natural resources and how the concept of supply and demand affects the environment.

4.9 Environmental Laws and Regulations

4.9.7-10A Explain the role of environmental laws and regulations and why they are developed and enacted.


Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening


1.1.8/11 Learning to read independently

C. Use knowledge of phonics/root words/words from literary works, as well as context clues/ glossaries to

decode and understand new words during reading.  Use these words accurately in writing/speaking

D.  Identify basic ideas and facts/describe, evaluate and synthesize ideas in text using specific strategies

E.  Expand/establish a reading vocabulary by identifying and correctly using idioms and words with literal and

figurative meanings/or words acquired through the study of their relationships to other words.  Use a dictionary or related reference.

F. Understand the meaning of and apply key vocabulary across the various subject areas.

G.Demonstrate after reading understanding and interpretation of both fiction and nonfiction text, including public documents.

H.  Demonstrate fluency and comprehension in reading; Read a variety of genres, types of text

1.2.8/11  Reading Critically in All Content Areas

A  Read and understand essential content of informational texts and documents in all academic areas.

B.  Use and understand a variety of media and evaluate the quality of material produced.

1.4.8 Types of Writing

A/B  Write multi-paragraph informational pieces/ Write persuasive pieces.

1.5.8 Quality of Writing

A Write with a sharp, distinct focus.

B Write with controlled and/or subtle organization.

1.6.8/11 Listening and Speaking

A Listen to others.

C Speak using skills appropriate to formal speech situations.

D Contribute to discussions.

F.  Use media for learning purposes.





2.1.8  Numbers, Number Systems and Number Relationships

A.  Represent and use numbers in equivalent forms (percents)


Civics and Government


5.1.9  Principles and Documents of Government

J. Explain how law protects individual rights and the common good.

5.2.6/9/12  Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship

C. Explain/Analyze skills used to resolve conflicts in society and government/interpret the cause of conflicts.

5.3.6/9/12 How Government Works

C. Explain how government actions affect citizens’ daily lives.

G. Evaluate how the government protects or curtails individual rights and analyze the impact of supporting or opposing those rights.

H. Identify/Analyze how interest groups provide opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process/evaluate the impact of interest groups on the political process.

J. Analyze the importance of freedom of the press/Evaluate the role of media in political life in the United States and explain the role of the media in setting the public agenda.




6.1.9/12 Economic Systems

A.  Describe historical examples of expansion, recession and depression in the United States/ Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of traditional, command and market economies.

6.2.6/9/12 Markets and the Systems of Government

H.  Analyze/Evaluate the economic roles of governments in market economies. (Economic growth, stability)

6.3.9/12 Scarcity and Choice

A. Describe ways to deal with scarcity.

B Evaluate the economic reasoning behind a choice.

C. Explain how resources can be used in different ways to produce different goods and services

F. Explain how incentives affect the behaviors of workers, savers, consumers and producers

6.4.6/9/12 Economic Interdependence

A. Explain/analyze why specialization may lead to increased production and consumption/may increase the standard of living.

6.5.9/12 Work and Earnings

E. Define wealth and describe its distribution within and among the political divisions of the United States




7.1.6/9/12 Basic Geographic Literacy

B.  Describe/Explain and locate places and regions/Analyze the location of places and regions.

7.3.6/9/12 The Human Characteristics of Places and Regions

A.  Describe/Explain the human characteristics/Analyze the significance of human activity of places and regions by their population characteristics.

B.  Describe/Explain the human characteristics/Analyze the significance of human activity of places and regions by their cultural characteristics.

D.  Describe/Explain the human characteristics/Analyze the significance of human activity in shaping of places and regions by their economic activities.

7.4.6/9/12 The Interactions Between People and Places

A. Describe/Explain/Analyze the impacts of physical systems on people.

B.  Explain the impacts of people on physical systems.




8.1.6 Historical Analysis and Skills Development

A.  Understand chronological thinking and distinguish between past, present and future time.

B.  Explain and analyze historical sources.

C.  Explain the fundamentals of historical interpretation.

D.  Describe and explain historical research.

8.1.9/12 Historical Analysis and Skills Development

A. Analyze/Evaluate chronological thinking.

B.  Analyze/ interpret/synthesize historical sources.

C.  Analyze/Evaluate the fundamentals of historical interpretation.

D.  Analyze/ interpret/ Synthesize historical research

8.2.6/9/12 Pennsylvania History

A. Identify and Explain/Analyze/Evaluate political and cultural contributions to PA history from 1787 – 1914.

B.  Identify and analyze/evaluate primary docs, artifacts, historic sites important in PA history 1787-1914.

C. Identify and explain/analyze/evaluate how continuity/change have influenced PA history from 1787-1914.

D. Identify and explain/analyze/evaluate conflict & cooperation among social groups & organizations in PA history 1787-1914. (Domestic Instability; Ethnic and Racial Relations; Labor Relations; Immigration)

8.3.6/9/12 United States History

A.  Identify and Explain/analyze/Evaluate the political/cultural contributions to US history 1787-1914.

B.  Identify and explain/analyze/evaluate primary documents, material artifacts and historic sites important in

C. Analyze how continuity and change has influenced United States history from 1787 to 1914.

D.  Identify and analyze conflict and cooperation among social groups and orgs in US history 1787-1914.

8.4.6/9/12 World History

A. Identify and Explain/Analyze/Evaluate the significance of individuals and groups who made major political and cultural contributions to world history since 1450.

B Identify, explain important documents, material artifacts and historic sites in world history.


Arts and Humanities


9.2.5/8 Historical and Cultural Contexts

A  Explain the historical, cultural and social context of an individual work in the arts.

B. Relate works in the arts chronologically to historical events
D  Analyze a work of art from its historical and cultural perspective.
F  Know and apply appropriate vocabulary used between social studies and the arts and humanities.
I  Identify, explain and analyze philosophical beliefs as they relate to works in the arts

9.3.8/12 Critical  Response

C  Identify and classify styles, forms, types and genre within art forms/Apply systems of classification for interpreting works in the arts and forming a critical response.

Previous Page    Next Page