Do... Firstly Mention the author name, the title of project, date:. You can find the “insert footnote” button in the reference section of the menu. Author last name, first name. Publishing City: Publishing Company, year of publication. Note: You will not always have a listed author. 2 Kurland and Lerner, The Founders’ Constitution, 85. Cambridge: Da Capo Press, 2003. When it does, use [sic]. Title of photograph or image. where they are using the skills they When this is the case, the beauty of sites like Vimeo and YouTube is that anyone can post to them. “Hollywood's D-Day From the Perspective of the 1960s and the 1990s: The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan.” Film & History 36, no. Publishing City: Publishing Company, year of publication. “Inaugural Address.” Speech, January 20, 1965. Title of the Documentary. In fact, this is plagiarism. Bracker, Milton. 1 Fareed Zakaraia, “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal,” Time, December 9, 2013, 29. support NHD’s mission to provide The bibliography carries a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license and is maintained by Jeff Pooley. If you’re a student, academic, or teacher, and you’re tired of the other bibliography and citation tools out there, then you’re going to love MyBib. the future through discover of the past. Let’s say that I am researching the Panama Canal, and I found Edmund Morris’ book about President Theodore Roosevelt called Theodore Rex. Most historians use footnotes when they write a paper, article, or book. Date published online. “Name of the document.” Name of the collection of papers. Please note that this kind of quote should be used very infrequently, but it can be effective. Font and Font Size 12. Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner. You are NOT required to cite images or video clips as they appear on the screen. ]: Twelfth Army Group, 1944. More than five million NHD “Bismarck, Otto von”. 1 Lyndon B. Johnson, “First Inaugural Address,” speech, January 20, 1965, video file, 13:45, American Presidency Project, University of California, Santa Barbara, “In Egypt, a Chasm Grows between Young and Old.” New York Times, February 17, 2014. Posted by History Channel, December 28, 2013. We cannot tell you a specific number of sources, as that will vary by the topic and by the resources to which you have reasonable access. Please see the explanation in the NHD Contest Rule Book (page 10) on how to classify primary sources found in secondary material. Zakaria, Fareed. One way is to go directly to the source and read the article in The New York Times or Time Magazine (either in the print version or on a microfilm or microfiche machine). Paraphrasing is when you use your own words to convey someone else’s ideas. “Liner Lusitania Sunk by German Submarine Fleet Rushes to Aid.” May 7, 1915. Writing a Bibliography and Documenting Historical Research. Accessed January 3, 2013. April 1942. Name of the database you used to find the article (accession number). Video file, length of the video file. It is not fair to take someone else’s work and claim it as your own. An important element of writing in history and the social sciences is listing the sources of information used in the research. Many writers find documenting research and preparing bibliographies to be unpleasant tasks. 3. There are various sections in this guide. URL. This is great, but that information still needs to be credited. 1942 - Evacuees of Japanese Descent being Inoculated as they Registered for Evacuation, and Assignment, Later, to War Relocation Authority Centers for the Duration of the War, photograph, April 1942, Library of Congress, URL where you can access the book. Video from a user-contributed or user-generated web source. For some topics, such as the Civil War or many twentieth century U.S. history topics, there are many sources available to you. Numbers(includes the use of num… 1 Alex Kershaw, The Bedford Boys: One American Town’s Ultimate D-Day Sacrifice (Cambridge: Da Capo Press, 2003), 42-45. Author last name, first name. Creating an annotated bibliography ensures that you have found adequate scholarly resources, and that you have read your sources carefully and have a good sense of how they relate to your topic. Paraphrases 10. help students and teachers influence Newspapers Source Plus (90149360). This includes both sources you directly quoted in your project and those you only read for ideas or background information. © 2018 | National History Day | 4511 Knox Road, Suite 205 | College Park, MD 20740 | (301) 314-9739, Send Email | Privacy Policy | Shop Policy, of NHD students could help students and teachers influence 1 Fareed Zakaraia, “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal,” Time, December 9, 2013, 29, MasterFILE Main Edition (92663027). Divide your Annotated Bibliography into two sections, labeled "Primary Sources" and "Secondary Sources." “In Egypt, a Chasm Grows between Young and Old.” New York Times, February 17, 2014. 2012 ed. The most recent copyright date of the book. Note: Remember that you need to sort the sources into primary and secondary sources, and put them in alphabetical order by the first word of the citation (excluding “A,” “An,” and “The”). Note: An accession number is a unique ID number for an article in a database. It does not make it a better or a worse source—it just communicates your research process more clearly. 1 Robert Brent Topin, “Hollywood's D-Day From the Perspective of the 1960s and the 1990s: The Longest Day and Saving Private Ryan,” Film & History 36, no. Zakaria, Fareed. April 1942. Assume that later in my paper I write the sentence: Roosevelt knew that he had to take a strong stand and argued for “crude force” to keep the Germans out of Latin America.[2]. 2Harris, telephone interview by the author. Posted by History Channel, December 28, 2013. You may add tags to the bottom of the screen to help an image or video clip make sense. Visit Citing Sources to learn how. Manuscript collection (if you go to a library and view the papers of someone you are studying). View Online Down. San Francisco, Calif., Apr. Article author last name, first name. Well, it depends on the type of project you are creating. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2013. learned through NHD. Enumerative bibliographies are based on a unifying principle such as creator, subject, date, topic or other characteristic. YouTube. Oral History in Community History Projects; Family History; Procedures and Methodology: Basic. The Number of Pages. When you find a collection of photographs that you want to use, you only need to cite them once, as a group. your project, this task will be messy, confusing, and complicated. It is similar to your citation in your bibliography, but not exactly the same. 1 Don Jackson, “Dachau,” video file, 50:37, The National World War II Museum, 2013. Spacing 11. Toplin, Robert Brent. “Dachau.” Video file, 50:37. Whenever you are writing history in any form, you need to make decisions. Essentially, we are giving the reader a hint about what he or she could find in this source. When conducting a science fair project, it is important that you keep track of all the sources you use in your research.This includes books, magazines, journals, and Web sites. Publishing City: Publishing Company, year of publication. Other suggested formatting instructions: The Chicago Manual of Style is the style most commonly used by professional historians when they write and publish their work. Name of organization that owns the papers, Location of the library, state abbreviation. It provides evidence of the many hours that you spent doing research in libraries, archives, classrooms, and on the internet. If I chose to use this quote, then I would expect to find a citation that would show where this text came from (I might have found it in a book, on a website, or in an article) and where I might go if I wanted the full text of what Alice Paul had to say in 1921. Example: It was made clear to the world what happened. Before you compose your bibliography, you will need to develop your background research plan. URL. 2. Ronald Reagan Library, Simi Valley, CA. In 1971, Professor Martha Heasley Cox of San José State University organized a very successful Steinbeck conference, and in 1974 she established the Steinbeck Research Center (now the Martha Heasley Cox Center for Steinbeck Studies). 1 William K. Klingaman and Nicholas P. Klingaman, The Year without Summer: 1816 and the Volcano the Darkened the World and Changed History (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2013), 102. compared to 61% of “Article Title.” Newspaper Title, Date the paper was published. New York: Modern Library, 2001. Include full citations (not just URLs) so that the judges know what you found on a particular website. New York: Random House, 2001. Miller Center for Public Affairs, University of Virginia. URL where the article can be accessed. Write a Bibliography. Directed by Douglas T. Cohen. Photograph. *For more information about conducting interviews please visit our Guidelines for Conducting Interviews for NHD Projects resource. Author Name. A fishing fleet was called to help rescue as many passengers as possible in the North Atlantic.[3]. 4 (Fall 1992): 679-696. Now we need to create an annotation to support that citation. As you complete your research, you should sort your research into primary and secondary sources. As separate works, they may be in bound volumes or computerised bibliographic databases. Library of Congress. Audio file, 18:13. “Farewell Address to the Nation, January 11, 1989.” Ronald Reagan Papers. Abbreviations 14. There are times when a quote is exactly what you need. Date of the interview. NOTE: There are three ways in which to access newspapers and magazine articles. For complete definitions of primary and secondary sources, as well a complete set of the Contest Rules, go to City of production company: Company who produced the documentary, year this DVD was released. A chapter or article published in a larger book or anthology. After the quote, continue typing using double-spacing. The Bedford Boys: One American Town’s Ultimate D-Day Sacrifice. Newspapers Source Plus (90149360). Toplin, Robert Brent. Miller Center for Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Saying that you got your picture from Google is like saying that you got your quote from a library. The footnote tells us the author, the title of the book, the basic publishing information, as well as the page (or range of pages) where my quote can be found. Note: While there are many user-generated websites, you want to use them with caution. Reagan, Ronald. 2 (2012): 25. DVD. Klingaman, William K., and Nicholas P. Klingaman. Spanning from WWI to the current conflicts, you can see and hear these first-hand accounts at Audio file, length of speech. 1. A bibliography is an alphabetized list of sources that have been used to compile data, typically in an article, essay, or research paper. Writing and creating a science project requires a lot of research. Note to teachers: This guide is designed to condense the key elements of the Chicago Manual of Style to a format that can be understood by middle and high school students. Harris, Jim. Either is appropriate, but choose one way and be consistent with that method. “Article Title.” Magazine Name, Date of publication, page number(s) where the article can be found. © 2018 | National History Day | 4511 Knox Road, Suite 205 | College Park, MD 20740 | (301) 314-9739, Send Email | Privacy Policy | Shop Policy, of NHD students could Audio file, 18:13. their non-NHD peers, of NHD students receive Paragraphs 8. Title of the Book. passing or exemplary marks Kennedy, David M., Lizabeth Cohen, and Thomas Bailey. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of … Author 1 last name, first name, and Author 2 first and last name. “Bismarck, Otto von”. Harris, Cole. Title of the Book. Newspapers Source Plus (90149360). Simply put, if you wait until the end of your project, this task will be messy, confusing, and complicated. An annotated bibliography is crucial to the NHD process because it shows judges the scope and depth of your research.Some key elements to consider when creating an annotated bibliography: 1. Title of the Publication. Type of media (map, graph, chart). ________________________________. Name of the website. “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal.” Time, December 9, 2013, 29. NHD teachers are eligible to sign up for complementary access to NoodleTools for a single NHD season. URL. high-quality educational programs that Last name, first name of person interviewed. Last modified 2008. If you have a quote that is more than two lines across the page, then it should be converted to a block quote. Be aware of who is posting the content. An entry in an enumerative bibliography provides the core elements of a text resource including a title, the creator (s), publication date and place of publication. your citation with the title of the article. BBIH is a subscription service and is available remotely via … Just like you need to tell us which book your quote came from in the library, you also need to tell us which website made this image available to you. Quotations 9. 1942 - Evacuees of Japanese Descent being Inoculated as they Registered for Evacuation, and Assignment, Later, to War Relocation Authority Centers for the Duration of the War. Example: In his speech to Congress on December 8, 1941, President Franklin Roosevelt declared to the American people that “the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.”. It also gave me details regarding the specific treaties signed between the two nations that gave the U.S. control of the canal zone. Divide your Annotated Bibliography into two sections, labeled "Primary Sources" and "Secondary Sources.". Name of site or organization publishing the video. The more good sources you have, the better, but do not pad your bibliography. Under this heading, you’ll list everything you’ve used in the paper. It is for the Woman’s Party to decide whether there is any way in which it can serve in the struggle which lies ahead to remove the remaining forms of woman’s subordination.” (Alice Paul, The Suffragist, 1921). A chapter or article published in a larger book or anthology: 1 Cole Harris, “France in North America,” in North America: The Historical Geography of a Changing Continent, ed. Name of site or organization publishing the image. Despite the varying terms, the difference between a bibliography, an annotated bibliography and a works cited page is simple. Do not exaggerate the context, it should be short and simple. students have gone on to careers A block quote should look like this: The Constitution of the United States defined the weakness of the Articles of Confederation in the one-sentence preamble, We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.[4]. Author last name, first name. This is not a repeat of your bibliography. Please note that Google and other search engines are NOT viable sources. It is fine to build your project off the research of others, but you need to give credit to the original author of the document or creator of the artifact. A Brief Bibliography of Florida History. 2Ballek, “When the Ends Justify the Means,” 685-687. “Big Fuss Over a Small Deal.” Time Magazine, December 9, 2013, 29.,9171,2158654,00.html. Ballek, Barry J. A bibliography is a list of the sources you used to get information for your report. Gadoua, Renee K. “The Suffrage Message.” Syracuse New Times, August 21, 2013. Download the full bibliography (BibTeX library, 2.4 MB). Video from a user- contributed or user-generated web source. Title of the Book. It is easy to forget sources, mix up one, See Examples of Bibliography Entries & Footnotes, In each section, entries should be alphabetized by the first word excluding “A,” “An,” and “The.”. Be aware of who is posting. The Veterans History Project (VHP) is part of the Library's American Folklife Center. 1 “How World War II Bomber Crews Worked,” video file, 1:31:36, YouTube, posted by HISTORY Channel, December 28, 2013,